Library news, no.535, the Shorttle Cocktail edition

As retweeted by @Sim0nRedfern – does anyone disagree?

To stop REF game playing, why not let everyone take part?

David Price argues that axeing staff selection would remove the temptation to manipulate data and protect careers …

Interesting view of academics from an ex-manager’s perspective

Academics, you need to be managed. It’s time to accept that

7 Crazy Realities of Scientific Publishing

A slightly tongue in cheek description of the process, worth the read I thought

The scientific method is one of the cornerstones of science (the others being lab coats and the use of Greek letters in equations). First you make an observation (“why is my car making a funny noise?”), then you form a hypothesis (“it sounds like my tire is flat”), make a testable prediction (“if my tire is flat, then it should be deflated when I pull my car over and look at it”), and finally obtain data by performing your test (“Yes, it’s flat! I’m a Science God!…Oh, shit.”).

Modern science has added another step to the scientific method that you didn’t learn in third grade: publish your results. Publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals are arguably the most important avenue for scientists to follow the research of others and share their own research with other scientists or the public. However, the rise of academic publishing companies as insanely profitable businesses and the intense pressure on scientists to publish has poked so many holes in the scientific method that it now resembles an undergrad’s lab coat after experiments with sulfuric acid.

Sharing Research Data and Intellectual Property Law: A Primer

Sharing research data by depositing it in connection with a published article or otherwise making data publicly available sometimes raises intellectual property questions in the minds of depositing researchers, their employers, their funders, and other researchers who seek to reuse research data. In this context or in the drafting of data management plans, common questions are (1) what are the legal rights in data; (2) who has these rights; and (3) how does one with these rights use them to share data in a way that permits or encourages productive downstream uses? Leaving to the side privacy and national security laws that regulate sharing certain types of data, this Perspective explains how to work through the general intellectual property and contractual issues for all research data.

3 Industries that will be hit by climate change

The title says it all

Could this be useful? How to Think Like a Computer Scientist

Learning with Python: Interactive Edition 2.0 Welcome! Take a tour, experiment with Python, join more than 850,000 other readers in learning how to think like a computer scientist with Python.

WARPIT (pronounce ‘warp it’ rather than ‘war pit’ as I first read it)

This looks like a good idea, WarpIt   is a network that allows you to find and/or dispose of items that you need or not longer need. I’ve got some old toner cartridges I would like to get rid of, I’ll see how it goes and let you know.

Do you want science? Yeah!!!! Do you want it Naked? err maybe …

What you really want is to hear all about climate change as reported by the naked scientists? Here it is as produced by our very own band new Dr Jo Kerr & featuring another new succesful recent PhD Dr Julia Gottschalkk – congratulations to you both.  You can listen to it on line or download it from here.

Let’s learn a new language

hurrah, sign up with the Cambridge University Language Programme (CULP) for next easter, very relaxing. Transferrable skills galore.


The Dino Song

David Norman tells all about the Dino craze than swept the country a century and a half ago. And also, did you know that there was such a thing as CambridgeTV?

Here are the videos from the launch of the William Smith map in the museum

The first is Ken McNamara giving some background about how we came to get this glorious map up on the museum wall and introducing Hugh Torrens who gave a shorth(-ish) talk about William Smith and the circumstances surrounding the creation of the map, Smith himself & his enemies

Make sure to subscribe to the department’s latest YouTube Channel

Cambridge Volcano Seismology

Here’s one they made earlier

Supermoon Lunar Eclipse- on Sunday 27th

Read all abut here


Baker, Alexander J. and Sodemann, Harald and Baldini, James U. L. and Breitenbach, Sebastian F. M. and Johnson, Kathleen R. and van Hunen, Jeroen and Zhang, Pingzhong (2015) Seasonality of westerly moisture transport in the East Asian summer monsoon and its implications for interpreting precipitation δ18O. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120 (12). pp. 5850-5862. ISSN 2169-8996 DOI 10.1002/2014JD022919

Campbell, G. E. and Walker, R. T. and Abdrakhmatov, K. and Jackson, J. and Elliott, J. R. and Mackenzie, D. and Middleton, T. and Schwenninger, J.-L. (2015) Great earthquakes in low strain rate continental interiors: An example from SE Kazakhstan. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. n/a-n/a. ISSN 2156-2202 eissn 2169-9313 DOI 10.1002/2015JB011925

Evans, Nicholas P. and Turchyn, Alexandra V. and Gázquez, Fernando and Bontognali, Tomaso and Chapman, Hazel J. and Hodell, David A. (2015) Coupled measurements of δ^18O and δD of hydration water and salinity of fluid inclusions in gypsum from the Messinian Yesares Member, Sorbas Basin (SE Spain). Earth and Planetary Science Letters. ISSN 0012-821X (In Press)

Flecker, Rachel and Krijgsman, Wout and Capella, Walter and de Castro Martíns, Cesar and Dmitrieva, Evelina and Mayser, Jan Peter and Marzocchi, Alice and Modestou, Sevasti and Ochoa, Diana and Simon, Dirk and Tulbure, Maria and van den Berg, Bas and van der Schee, Marlies and de Lange, Gert and Ellam, Robert and Govers, Rob and Gutjahr, Marcus and Hilgen, Frits and Kouwenhoven, Tanja and Lofi, Johanna and Meijer, Paul and Sierro, Francisco J. and Bachiri, Naima and Barhoun, Nadia and Alami, Abdelwahid Chakor and Chacon, Beatriz and Flores, Jose A. and Gregory, John and Howard, James and Lunt, Dan and Ochoa, Maria and Pancost, Rich and Vincent, Stephen and Yousfi, Mohamed Zakaria (2015) Evolution of the Late Miocene Mediterranean–Atlantic gateways and their impact on regional and global environmental change. Earth-Science Reviews, 150. pp. 365-392. ISSN 0012-8252 DOI 10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.08.007

Freeman, E. and Skinner, L. C. and Reimer, R. and Scrivner, A. E. and Fallon, S. (2015) Graphitization of small carbonate samples for palaeoceanographic research at the Godwin Radiocarbon Laboratory, University of Cambridge. Radiocarbon: an international journal of cosmosgenic isotopic research. ISSN ISSN: 0033-8222 (In Press)

Freeman, E. and Skinner, L. C. and Tisserand, A. and Dokken, T. and Timmermann, A. and Menviel, L. and Friedrich, T. (2015) An Atlantic–Pacific ventilation seesaw across the last deglaciation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 424. pp. 237-244. ISSN 0012-821X DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.032

Gilligan, Amy and Priestley, Keith F. and Roecker, Steven W. and Levin, Vadim and Rai, S. S. (2015) The crustal structure of the western Himalayas and Tibet. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 120 (5). pp. 3946-3964. ISSN 2156-2202 DOI 10.1002/2015JB011891

Gottschalk, Julia and Skinner, Luke C. and Misra, Sambuddha and Waelbroeck, Claire and Meenviel, Laurie and Timmermann, Axel (2015) Northern control of glacial abrupt ocean circulation changes in the deep, sub-Antarctic Atlantic Ocean. Nature Geoscience. ISSN 1752-0894 EISSN:1752-0908 (In Press)

Greer, Heather F. and Zhou, Wuzong and Guo, Li (2015) Phase transformation of Mg-calcite to aragonite in active-forming hot spring travertines. Mineralogy and Petrology, 109 (4). pp. 453-462. DOI 10.1007/s00710-015-0367-5

Heilbronn, G. and Boulvais, P. and Marchand, E. and Robin, C. and Bourquin, S. and Barrier, L. and Jia, Y. and Fu, B. and Jolivet, M. (2015) Stable isotope characterization of pedogenic and lacustrine carbonates from the Chinese Tian Shan: Constraints on the Mesozoicâ-Lower Cenozoic palaeoenvironmental evolution. Chemie der Erde – Geochemistry, 75 (1). pp. 133-141. ISSN 0009-2819 DOI 10.1016/j.chemer.2014.11.004

Heinonen, Jussi S. and Jennings, Eleanor S. and Riley, Teal R. (2015) Crystallisation temperatures of the most Mg-rich magmas of the Karoo LIP on the basis of Al-in-olivine thermometry. Chemical Geology, 411. pp. 26-35. ISSN 00092541 DOI 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.06.015

Howell, Andy and Jackson, James and England, Philip and Higham, Thomas and Synolakis, Costas (2015) Late Holocene uplift of Rhodes, Greece: evidence for a large tsunamigenic earthquake and the implications for the tectonics of the eastern Hellenic Trench System. Geophysical Journal International, 203 (1). pp. 459-474. ISSN ISSN: 0956-540X, ESSN: 1365-246X DOI 10.1093/gji/ggv307

Iwalewa, Tajudeen M. and Makkawi, Mohammed H. (2015) Site characterization and risk assessment in support of the design of groundwater remediation well near a hazardous landfill. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8 (3). pp. 1705-1715. ISSN 1866-7511 DOI 10.1007/s12517-014-1300-7

Joakim, E. P. and Abbott, R. P. and White, R. S. (2015) Emotions and beliefs after disaster: a comparative analysis in Haiti and Indonesia. Disasters. ISSN Online ISSN: 1467-7717 (In Press)

Kele, Sá¡ndor and Breitenbach, Sebastian F. M. and Capezzuoli, Enrico and Nele Meckler, A. and Ziegler, Martin and Millan, Isabel M. and Kluge, Tobias and Deá¡k, József and Hanselmann, Kurt and John, Cédric M. and Yan, Hao and Liu, Zaihua and Bernasconi, Stefano M. (2015) Temperature dependence of oxygen- and clumped isotope fractionation in carbonates: a study of travertines and tufas in the 6-95°C temperature range. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta. ISSN 0016-7037 DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2015.06.032 (In Press)

Lascu, Ioan and Harrison, Richard J. and Li, Yuting and Muraszko, Joy R. and Channell, James E. T. and Piotrowski, Alexander M. and Hodell, David A. (2015) Magnetic unmixing of first-order reversal curve diagrams using principal component analysis. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems – GCubed. n/a-n/a. ISSN 1525-2027 DOI 10.1002/2015GC005909 (In Press)

Myers, Christopher G. and Oster, Jessica L. and Sharp, Warren D. and Bennartz, Ralf and Kelley, Neil P. and Covey, Aaron K. and Breitenbach, Sebastian F. M. (2015) Northeast Indian stalagmite records Pacific decadal climate change: Implications for moisture transport and drought in India. Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (10). pp. 4124-4132. ISSN 0094–8276 DOI 10.1002/2015GL063826

Parnell-Turner, Ross and White, N. J. and McCave, I. Nick and Henstock, Tim and Murton, Bramley and Jones, Stephen M. (2015) Architecture of North Atlantic Contourite Drifts Modified by Transient Circulation of the Icelandic Mantle Plume. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems. ISSN 1525-2027 (Submitted)

Salje, E. K. H. and Ding, X. and Aktas, O. (2014) Domain glass. physica status solidi (b), 251. pp. 2061-2066. ISSN 0370-1972, ESSN: 1521-3951 DOI 10.1002/pssb.201350242

Salje, E. K. H. and Li, S. and Zhao, Ziyuan and Gumbsch, P. and Ding, X. (2015) Polar twin boundaries and nonconventional ferroelectric switching. Applied Physics Letters, 106 (ARTN 2). ISSN 0003-6951, ESSN: 1077-3118 DOI 10.1063/1.4922036

Schuler, J. and Greenfield, Tim and White, R. S. and Roecker, Steven W. and Brandsdóttir, Bryndís and Stock, Joan M. and Tarasewicz, Jon and Martens, Hilary and Pugh, David (2015) Seismic imaging of the shallow crust beneath the Krafla central volcano, NE Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth. ISSN 0148-0227 (In Press)

Shorttle, Oliver and Moussallam, Yves and Hartley, Margaret E. and Maclennan, John and Edmonds, Marie and Murton, Bramley J. (2015) Fe-XANES analyses of Reykjanes Ridge basalts: Implications for oceanic crust’s role in the solid Earth oxygen cycle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 427. pp. 272-285. ISSN 0012-821X DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.07.017

Wilson, David J. and Galy, Albert and Piotrowski, Alexander M. and Banakar, Virupaxa K. (2015) Quaternary climate modulation of Pb isotopes in the deep Indian Ocean linked to the Himalayan chemical weathering. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 424. pp. 256-268. ISSN 0012-821X DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.014

Winter, Amos and Zanchettin, Davide and Miller, Thomas and Kushnir, Yochanan and Black, David and Lohmann, Gerrit and Burnett, Allison and Haug, Gerald H. and Estrella-Martínez, Juan and Breitenbach, Sebastian F. M. and Beaufort, Luc and Rubino, Angelo and Cheng, Hai (2015) Persistent drying in the tropics linked to natural forcing. Nature Communications, 6. p. 7627. ISSN 2041-1723 DOI 10.1038/ncomms8627

Library news, no. 534, The Scooter edition

Dutch boycott of Elsevier

Danny Kingsley the University’s head of scholarly communications examines the possible implications

“A long running dispute between Dutch universities and Elsevier has taken an interesting turn. Yesterday Koen Becking, chairman of the Executive Board of Tilburg University who has been negotiating with scientific publishers about an open access policy on behalf of Dutch universities with his colleague Gerard Meijer, announced a plan to start boycotting Elsevier.”  Read more

Now you may wonder where all the money goes and to whom, here’s a wonderful tool to help you answer all those questions:

Open access still have you confused? Why not go through this FAQ provided by the open access @ cambridge team

Ancient mini-monster head mystery solved – here’s how we did it

Javier Ortega-Hernándezb, Sylvain Gerber & Nick Butterfield’s latest paper was picked by the New York Times amongst many others


This from Martin Smith’s Nature paper

Simon Redfern shares with us his discovery of

 The Magna Carta of Geology

Here, you’ll find photos from the official unveiling of the ‘lost’ treasure

Undergrad Mapping Fame

Four of our intrepid mappers made the headlines in the Flin Flon Reminder earlier this summer, read all about the “aspiring geologists all the way from Britain” here (

This is a super & simple use of charts to illustrate a point


Aktas, Oktay and Crossley, Sam and Carpenter, Michael A. and Salje, Ekhard K. H. (2014) Polar correlations and defect-induced ferroelectricity in cryogenic KTaO3. Physical Review B, 90 (16). ISSN 1098-0121 DOI 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.165309

Aufort, J. and Aktas, O. and Carpenter, M. A. and Salje, E. K. H. (2015) Effect of pores and grain size on the elastic and piezoelectric properties of quartz-based materials. American Mineralogist, 100. pp. 1165-1171. ISSN 0003-004X DOI 10.2138/am-2015-5180CCBY

Carpenter, M. A. (2015) Static and dynamic strain coupling behaviour of ferroic and multiferroic perovskites from resonant ultrasound spectroscopy. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 27 (26). p. 263201. ISSN 0953-8984, 1361-648X DOI 10.1088/0953-8984/27/26/263201

Carpenter, M. A. (2015) Elastic and magnetoelastic relaxation behaviour of multiferroic (ferromagnetic + ferroelectric + ferroelastic) Pb(Fe0.5Nb0.5)O3 perovskite. [Experiment] (Submitted)

Carpenter, M. A. and Schiemer, J. and Lascu, I. and Harrison, R. J. and Kumar, A. and Katiyar, R. S. and Ortega, N. and Sanchez, D. A. and Salazar Mejia, C. and Schnelle, W. and Echizen, M. and Shinohara, H. and Heap, A. J. F. and Nagaratnam, R. and Dutton, S. E. and Scott, J. F. (2015) Elastic and magnetoelastic relaxation behaviour of multiferroic (ferromagnetic + ferroelectric + ferroelastic) Pb(Fe0.5Nb0.5)O3 perovskite. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 27 (28). p. 285901. ISSN 0953-8984, 1361-648X DOI 10.1088/0953-8984/27/28/285901

Cross, Emma L. and Peck, Lloyd S. (BAS) and Lamare, Miles D. and Harper, Elizabeth M. (2015) No ocean acidification effects on shell growth and repair in the New Zealand brachiopod Calloria inconspicua (Sowerby, 1846). ICES Journal of Marine Science. fsv031. ISSN 1054-3139, ESSN: 1095-9289 DOI 10.1093/icesjms/fsv031

Ding, X and Salje, E. K. H. (2015) Heat transport by phonons and the generation of heat by fast phonon processes in ferroelastic materials. AIP Adances, 5 (ARTN 0). ISSN 2158-3226 DOI 10.1063/1.4921899

Greenfield, Tim and White, R. S. (2015) Building Icelandic Igneous Crust by Repeated Melt Injections. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth. ISSN 0148-0227 (Submitted)

Guglielmi, Yves and Cappa, Frédéric and Avouac, Jean-Philippe and Henry, Pierre and Elsworth, Derek (2015) Seismicity triggered by fluid injection–induced aseismic slip. Science, 348 (6240). pp. 1224-1226. ISSN 0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (online) DOI 10.1126/science.aab0476

Guilbaud, Romain and Poulton, Simon W. and Butterfield, Nicholas J. and Zhu, Maoyan and Shields-Zhou, Graham A. (2015) A global transition to ferruginous conditions in the early Neoproterozoic oceans. Nature Geoscience, 8 (6). pp. 466-470. ISSN 1752-0894 EISSN:1752-0908 DOI 10.1038/ngeo2434

Jenkins, Jenifer and Cottaar, Sanne and White, R. S. and Deuss, Arwen (2015) Depressed mantle discontinuities beneath Iceland: Evidence of a garnet controlled 660 km discontinuity. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. ISSN 0012-821X (Submitted)

Jennings, Eleanor S. and Holland, Tim J. B. (2015) A Simple Thermodynamic Model for Melting of Peridotite in the System NCFMASOCr. Journal of Petrology, 56 (5). pp. 869-892. ISSN Print ISSN 0022-3530 – Online ISSN 1460-2415 DOI 10.1093/petrology/egv020

Kaczmarek, K. and Langer, G. and Nehrke, G. and Horn, I. and Misra, S. and Janse, M. and Bijma, J. (2015) Boron incorporation in the foraminifer <i>Amphistegina lessonii</i> under a decoupled carbonate chemistry. Biogeosciences, 12 (6). pp. 1753-1763. ISSN 1726-4189 DOI 10.5194/bg-12-1753-2015

Ketov, S. V. and Sun, Y. H. and Nachum, S. and Lu, Z. and Checchi, A. and Beraldin, A. R. and Bai, H. Y. and Wang, W. H. and Louzguine-Luzgin, D. V. and Carpenter, M. A. and Greer, A. L. (2015) Rejuvenation of metallic glasses by non-affine thermal strain. Nature, 524 (7564). pp. 200-203. ISSN 0028-0836 EISSN: 1476-4687 DOI 10.1038/nature14674

Kettermann, M. and Grützner, C. and van Gent, H. W. and Urai, J. L. and Reicherter, K. and Mertens, J. (2015) Evolution of a highly dilatant fault zone in the grabens of Canyonlands National Park, Utah, USA – integrating fieldwork, ground-penetrating radar and airborne imagery analysis. Solid Earth, 6 (3). pp. 839-855. ISSN 1869-9529 DOI 10.5194/se-6-839-2015

Lythgoe, Karen H. and Rudge, John F. and Neufeld, Jerome A. and Deuss, Arwen (2015) The feasibility of thermal and compositional convection in Earth’s inner core. Geophysical Journal International, 201 (2). pp. 764-782. ISSN ISSN: 0956-540X, ESSN: 1365-246X DOI 10.1093/gji/ggv034

Mitchell, Emily G. and Kenchington, Charlotte G. and Liu, Alexander G. and Matthews, Jack J. and Butterfield, Nicholas J. (2015) Reconstructing the reproductive mode of an Ediacaran macro-organism. Nature. ISSN 0028-0836 DOI 10.1038/nature14646

Nader, M. F. and Igel, H. and Ferreira, A. M. G. and Al-Attar, David and Wassermann, J. and Schreiber, K. U. (2015) Normal mode coupling observations with a rotation sensor. Geophysical Journal International, 201 (3). pp. 1482-1490. ISSN ISSN: 0956-540X, ESSN: 1365-246X DOI 10.1093/gji/ggv082

Reynolds, Kirsty and Copley, Alex and Hussain, Ekbal (2015) Evolution and dynamics of a fold-thrust belt: the Sulaiman Range of Pakistan. Geophysical Journal International, 201 (2). pp. 683-710. ISSN ISSN: 0956-540X, ESSN: 1365-246X DOI 10.1093/gji/ggv005

Roberts, Natalie L. and Piotrowski, Alexander M. (2015) Radiogenic Nd isotope labeling of the northern NE Atlantic during MIS 2. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 423. pp. 125-133. ISSN 0012821X DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.011

Rudge, John F. and Bercovici, David (2015) Melt-band instabilities with two-phase damage. Geophysical Journal International, 201 (2). pp. 640-651. ISSN ISSN: 0956-540X, ESSN: 1365-246X DOI 10.1093/gji/ggv040

Salje, E. K. H. (2015) Tweed, twins, and holes. American Mineralogist, 100 (2-3). pp. 343-351. ISSN 0003-004X DOI 10.2138/am-2015-5085

Salje, E. K. H. and Dul’kin, E and Roth, M (2015) Acoustic emission during the ferroelectric transition Pm(3)over-barm to P4mm in BaTiO3 and the ferroelastic transition R(3)over-barm-C2/c in Pb-3(PO4)(2). Applied Physics Letters, 106 (ARTN 1). ISSN 0003-6951, ESSN: 1077-3118 DOI 10.1063/1.4902511

Smith, Martin R. and Caron, Jean-Bernard (2015) Hallucigenia’s head and the pharyngeal armature of early ecdysozoans. Nature Geoscience, 523 (7558). pp. 75-78. ISSN 1752-0894 EISSN:1752-0908 DOI 10.1038/nature14573

Soto-Parra, D and Zhang, X and Cao, S and Vives, E and Salje, E. K. H. and Planes, A (2015) Avalanches in compressed Ti-Ni shape-memory porous alloys: An acoustic emission study. Physical Review E, 91 (ARTN 0). ISSN ISSN: 1539-3755, ESSN: 1550-2376 DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.91.060401

Tan, Liangcheng and Cai, Yanjun and An, Zhisheng and Cheng, Hai and Shen, Chuan-Chou and Breitenbach, Sebastian F. M. and Gao, Yongli and Edwards, R. Lawrence and Zhang, Haiwei and Du, Yajuan (2015) A Chinese cave links climate change, social impacts, and human adaptation over the last 500 years. Scientific Reports, 5. p. 12284. ISSN 2045-2322, ESSN: 2045-2322

Wolhowe, Matthew D. and Prahl, Fredrick G. and Langer, Gerald and Oviedo, Angela Maria and Ziveri, Patrizia (2015) Alkenone δD as an ecological indicator: A culture and field study of physiologically-controlled chemical and hydrogen-isotopic variation in C37 alkenones. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 162. pp. 166-182. ISSN 0016-7037 DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2015.04.034

Yang, Jie and Ortega-Hernández, Javier and Gerber, Sylvain and Butterfield, Nicholas J. and Hou, Jin-bo and Lan, Tian and Zhang, Xi-guang (2015) A superarmored lobopodian from the Cambrian of China and early disparity in the evolution of Onychophora. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112 (28). pp. 8678-8683. ISSN 0027-8424 Online ISSN 1091-6490 DOI 10.1073/pnas.1505596112


Now published

Edmonds, M. and Brett, A. and Herd, R. A. and Humphreys, M. C. S. and Woods, A. (2014) Magnetite-bubble aggregates at mixing interfaces in andesite magma bodies. In: The Role of Volatiles in the Genesis, Evolution and Eruption of Arc Magmas. Special publication, 410 (410). The Geological Society, London, pp. 95-121. ISBN 9781862396890

Gibson, S. A. and Geist, D. and Richards, M.A. (2015) Mantle plume capture anchoring and outflow during Galápagos plume-ridge interaction. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16 (5). n/a-n/a. ISSN 15252027 DOI 10.1002/2015GC005723

Green, Robert G. and Greenfield, Tim and White, Robert S. (2015) Triggered earthquakes suppressed by an evolving stress shadow from a propagating dyke. Nature Geoscience, 8. pp. 629-632. ISSN 1752-0894 EISSN:1752-0908 DOI 10.1038/ngeo2491

Liu, Alexander G. S. C. and Kenchington, Charlotte G. and Mitchell, Emily G. (2015) Remarkable insights into the paleoecology of the Avalonian Ediacaran macrobiota. Gondwana Research, 27 (4). pp. 1355-1380. ISSN 1342-937X DOI 10.1016/

Lovell, Bryan (2015) Hertfordshire Puddingstone: relationship to the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum and a perspective on human-induced climate change. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 121 (1). pp. 8-13. ISSN 0016-7878 DOI 10.1016/j.pgeola.2014.12.004

Peck, Lloyd S. and Clark, Melody S. and Power, Deborah and Rei, João and Batista, Frederico M. and Harper, Elizabeth M. (2015) Acidification effects on biofouling communities: winners and losers. Global Change Biology, 21 (5). pp. 1907-1913. ISSN 1354-1013 DOI 10.1111/gcb.12841

Rudge, J. F. and Roberts, G. G. and White, N. J. and Richardson, C. N.  (BPI) (2015) Uplift Histories of Africa and Australia from Linear Inverse Modeling of Drainage Inventories. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120 (5). pp. 894-914. ISSN 0148-0227 DOI 10.1002/2014JF003297

Woodcock, N. H. and Miller, A. V. and Woodhouse, C.D. (2014) Chaotic breccia zones on the Pembroke Peninsula, South Wales: collapse into voids along dilational faults. Journal of Structural Geology, 69 (Part A). pp. 91-107. ISSN ISSN: 0191-8141 DOI 10.1016/j.jsg.2014.09.019


Zhao, Pu (2015) The structure-property relations of zeolitic imidazolate framework 7 for carbon dioxide capture. PhD thesis, University of Cambridge.

Current Earth Sciences Library News, No. 533, Where’s the South West song? edition

Bank holiday hours:

The library will be open on Monday 25th May from 10:00 to 16:45

Alumni Day news

I think we can all agree that the day was a tremendous success and I for one thoroughly enjoyed it. I was greatly encouraged by the number of people who came to see the library’s treasures. My thanks to Douglas Palmer for the Women Pioneers in Geology posters, Andrew for the logistics help, and Stephen Pates for supplying the lovely images of the Smith 1815 map. You can now copies of the images and the photographs taken by Richard Stockey on Flickr including the Smith map in sections, or if you’d rather have a pdf copy of “Smith’s strata identified by organized fossils” click here and here for the “Table of organized fossils”.

Here’s the video of pictures

New laptops in the Library news

There’s 8 new laptops in the library replacing some of our more aged desktop machines. A lovely thing is that they make it possible to have dual screens. They are still dual boot but now Windows boots first. There’s also an additional 6 laptops available to borrow for trips, or class room work – contact the library if you need to borrow them.

Department in the news

Nepal Earthquake news (this is slightly dated but relevant still)

As I’m sure you’re all aware a disastrous 7.9 earthquake struck Nepal on Saturday 25th April with many aftershocks, the most serious of which was at 7.3 on 12 May. James Jackson, was quoted in several news sources, including the Telegraph & the Independent 

There’s more & I would say better quality information from the excellent Earthquake Without Frontiers blog –

The Core

If you missed Simon Redfern’s appearance on In Our Time hosted by Melvin Bragg, to discuss the earth’s core, along with (ex-department member) Arwen Deuss of Utrecht University & Oxford’s Stephen Blundell, you can still catch it on the iPlayer,  or download & keep it for posterity from here (

Sedgwick Club Photographs

A message from the committee

The proofs are back and available for consultation & viewing in the library, on the table in the middle of the computer area. Fill in the forms as quick as possible with a hoped for collection date of the Sedgwick Club May Ball day, Thursday 18th June. By the way have you bought your ticket yet?

Open Access News

The University’s Open Access Board has decided that they will no longer fund page or colour charges from the RCUK provided OA fund. This decision wasn’t announced anywhere, much to the inconvenience of several of our authors. The minutes from the most recent meeting of the Project Board for OA have just become available and this the explanation for this sudden decision:

“In view of concerns about future exhaustion of the RCUK annual block grant, new measures should be introduced. First, page and colour charges should no longer be paid from the Fund (in alignment with Wellcome Trust policy). Second, a contingency plan should come into force when expenditure reached 50% of the RCUK block grant. However, the possible parameters of such a contingency plan were complex, particularly in relation to non-science disciplines, and a more detailed proposal was needed.”

This is a serious issue, people are making decisions about where to publish based on open access charges but also page charge fees.

One can argue that we shouldn’t be encouraging publishers like Elsevier & Springer to continue their seemingly unfettered use** of university resources, so an author may chose to publish with someone that has a kinder, gentler attitude to Open Access such as AGU***  (e.g. they not only allow but insist that their pdfs should be used in OA repositories after the embargo period). That choice being made you made then find yourself with colour page charges in the thousands of dollars. From what I’ve been told, page charges & publication fees are not something can be included in grant applications anymore, so that it actually makes more sense to plump for the journal which  is seemingly the better deal & the easier to get from

It is commendable for the Project Board to be concerned about the future when for when RCUK no longer provides funding for Article Processing Charges (APC) but there’s been no mention of this ceasing, certainly within the next 5 years

Further consideration to the matter has to be the very tight deadline set by HEFCE, stating that for post 2016 REF purposes any paper put forward MUST be open access and MUST have been deposited no later than 3 months after acceptance. And now Elsevier have just updated their sharing and hosting policies entitled, apparently without irony, “Unleashing the power of academic sharing“. The main point being that we can no longer host post refereed but pre published papers on a publicly accessible repository. This new policy has been received with dismay and much criticism in the OA community.

*However, unlike the Welcome Trust the board isn’t going to fund EVERY publication, which is what the Trust does- see the Trust’s position statement
**Here’s how publishers make their profits from this university

  1. We pay them a yearly subscriptions for access to journals
  2. We give them, free of charge, our papers to publish – so much so we even give them the copyright (unless we pay OA charges)
  3. We give them staff time in terms of reviewing the papers’ of other academics
  4. We then pay them something around £1,800 for each paper we want to make gold open access

*** I know are published by Wiley but they have different rules to Wiley’s ‘own’ publications

There’s also a big push for data management & deposit, for a general overview about data management click here and to get more information about research data policies from the various funders & research councils, click here

Good news for EU funded project

Researchers can benefit from €4m fund to cover the costs of Open Access publishing for post-grants publications

The OpenAIRE2020 project has launched its Gold Open Access (OA) Pilot to stimulate publishing in OA journals in Europe by providing funding to cover all or part of the costs of post grant OA publications arising from projects funded under the 7th Framework Programme (FP7). More here

ORCID – have you registered yet?

What is it?

ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher – find out more from here

How do I register?

Registration takes 30 seconds from here

What now?

If you have already registered can you forward the details to me and/or Jun  please as we’re looking at integrating ORCID numbers into the personel database, and I would like to start attaching ORCIDs to publications. We’re looking at a plugin for ePrints which would allow us to enter this and more metadata into the publications database

Almost lastly – images

It’s been decided to build up our own photograph and graphic repository. This seems to make sense when you think about amount material we produce, and it may also be useful to have a resource we can go to and quickly find the image (or diagram or graph, perhaps) we’re looking for. There’s a small number already in the database, just got to eprints and look under Division section for images ( So I’m calling out to any of you who would like to donate your images to our repository. The criteria are that they must be yours, i.e. you must own them, and that you are willing to share them publicly.


This looks fun – T-Rex autopsy


Aktas, Oktay and Salje, Ekhard K. H. (2014) Functional twin boundaries and tweed microstructures: a comparison between minerals and device materials. Mineralogical Magazine, 78 (7). pp. 1725-1741. ISSN 0026-461X, Online ISSN: 1471-8022 DOI 10.1180/minmag.2014.078.7.15

Bickle, Mike J. and Tipper, Ed and Galy, Albert and Chapman, Hazel J. and Harris, Nigel (2015) On discrimination between carbonate and silicate inputs to Himalayan rivers. American Journal of Science, 315 (2). pp. 120-166. ISSN 0002-9599 EISSN: 1945-452X DOI 10.2475/02.2015.02

Cassidy, Michael and Edmonds, Marie and Watt, Sebastian F. L. and Palmer, Martin R. and Gernon, Thomas M. (2015) Origin of Basalts by Hybridization in Andesite-dominated Arcs. Journal of Petrology, 56 (2). pp. 325-346. ISSN Print ISSN 0022-3530 – Online ISSN 1460-2415 DOI 10.1093/petrology/egv002

Christopher, T. and Edmonds, M. and Taisne, B. and Odbert, H. and Costa, A. and Hards, V. and Wadge, G. (2014) Periodic sulphur dioxide degassing from the Soufrière Hills Volcano related to deep magma supply. In: The Role of Volatiles in the Genesis, Evolution and Eruption of Arc Magmas. Geological Society special publication, 410 (410). The Geological Society, London, SP410.11. ISBN 9781862396890

Clarkson, M. O. and Kasemann, S. A. and Wood, R. A. and Lenton, T. M. and Daines, S. J. and Richoz, S. and Ohnemueller, F. and Meixner, A. and Poulton, S. W. and Tipper, E. T. (2015) Ocean acidification and the Permo-Triassic mass extinction. Science, 348 (6231). pp. 229-232. ISSN 0036-8075 (print), 1095-9203 (online) DOI 10.1126/science.aaa0193

Daniels, K. A. and Menand, T. (2015) An experimental investigation of dyke injection under regional extensional stress. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. n/a-n/a. ISSN 21699313 DOI 10.1002/2014JB011627

Douglas, Peter M. J. and Pagani, Mark and Canuto, Marcello A. and Brenner, Mark and Hodell, David A. and Eglinton, Timothy I. and Curtis, Jason H. (2015) Drought, agricultural adaptation, and sociopolitical collapse in the Maya Lowlands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112 (18). pp. 5607-5612. ISSN 0027-8424 Online ISSN 1091-6490 DOI 10.1073/pnas.1419133112

Gibson, S. A. and Geist, D. and Richards, M.A. (2015) Mantle plume capture anchoring and outflow during Galápagos plume-ridge interaction. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. n/a-n/a. ISSN 15252027 DOI 10.1002/2015GC005723 (In Press)

Green, Robert G. and Greenfield, Tim and White, Robert S. (2015) Triggered earthquakes suppressed by an evolving stress shadow from a propagating dyke. Nature Geoscience. ISSN 1752-0894 EISSN:1752-0908 (Submitted)

Heron, D. P. Le and Meinhold, Guido (CASP) and Elgadry, M. and Abutarruma, Y. and Boote, D. (2015) Early Palaeozoic evolution of Libya: perspectives from Jabal Eghei with implications for hydrocarbon exploration in Al Kufrah Basin. Basin Research, 27 (1). pp. 60-83. ISSN 1365-2117 DOI 10.1111/bre.12057

Hoogakker, Babette A. A. and McCave, I. Nick and Elderfield, Henry and Hillaire-Marcel, Claude and Simstich, Johannes (2015) Holocene climate variability in the Labrador Sea. Journal of the Geological Society, 172 (2). pp. 272-277. ISSN 0016-7649 DOI 10.1144/jgs2013-097

Lindquist, A. K. and Feinberg, J. M. and Harrison, R. J. and Loudon, J. C. and Newell, A. J. (2015) Domain wall pinning and dislocations: Investigating magnetite deformed under conditions analogous to nature using transmission electron microscopy. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 120 (3). 2014JB011335. ISSN 2156-2202 DOI 10.1002/2014JB011335

Kelly, Simon R.A. and Gregory, F. J. and Braham, W. and Strogen, D. P. and Whittham, A. (2015) Towards an integrated Jurassic biostratigraphy for eastern Greenland. Volumina Jurassica, 13. pp. 43-64. ISSN 1731-3708 DOI 10.5604/17313708 .1148657

Ortega-Hernández, Javier (2015) Homology of Head Sclerites in Burgess Shale Euarthropods. Current Biology. ISSN 0960-9822 DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2015.04.034

Richards, Mark A. and Alvarez, Walter and Self, Stephen and Karlstrom, Leif and Renne, Paul R. and Manga, Michael and Sprain, Courtney J. and Smit, Jan and Vanderkluysen, L. and Gibson, Sally A. (2015) Triggering of the largest Deccan eruptions by the Chicxulub impact. Geological Society of America Bulletin. B31167.1. ISSN 0016-7606, 1943-2674 DOI 10.1130/B31167.1

Schneider, Simon (CASP) (2015) The northernmost Jurassic rudists: A revision of the Diceratidae and Epidiceratidae (Bivalvia: Hippuritida) from the Korallenoolith Formation of northern Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie – Abhandlungen, 276 (1). pp. 91-100. ISSN 2363-717X DOI 10.1127/njgpa/2015/0480

Shorttle, Oliver (2015) Geochemical variability in MORB controlled by concurrent mixing and crystallisation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 424. pp. 1-14. ISSN 0012-821X DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.04.035

Smith, Martin R. and Harvey, Thomas H. P. and Butterfield, Nicholas J. (2015) The macro- and microfossil record of the Cambrian priapulid Ottoia. Palaeontology. ISSN ISSN: 0031-0239, ESSN: 1475-4983

White, R. S. and Greenberg, J. (2015) Religious faith as a motivation in using geosciences to develop a sustainable future. Geological Society of America Bulletin. (In Press)

Wilson, David J. and Piotrowski, Alexander M. and Galy, Albert and Banakar, Virupaxa K. (2015) Interhemispheric controls on deep ocean circulation and carbon chemistry during the last two glacial cycles. Paleoceanography. 2014PA002707. ISSN 1944-9186 DOI 10.1002/2014PA002707

Zellmer, Georg F. and Edmonds, Marie and Straub, Susanne M. (2015) Volatiles in subduction zone magmatism. In: The Role of Volatiles in the Genesis, Evolution and Eruption of Arc Magmas. Geological Society special publication, 410 (410). The Geological Society, London, pp. 1-17. ISBN 9781862396890


Edmonds, M. and Brett, A. and Herd, R. A. and Humphreys, M. C. S. and Woods, A. (2014) Magnetite-bubble aggregates at mixing interfaces in andesite magma bodies. In: The Role of Volatiles in the Genesis, Evolution and Eruption of Arc Magmas. Special publication, 410 (410). The Geological Society, London, pp. 95-121. ISBN 9781862396890

Current Earth Sciences Library News, No. 532, the goodbye James edition

Closure news

The library will have no staff on Wednesday 1st April and also over the Easter Bank Holiday weekend. Back to normal on Tuesday

Arran Report (with deepest apologies to the current Arran group)

Well what a wonderful field trip location Arran is …

Sunset over Arran

Lochranza shore

I don’t think it ever rains … 

Rainbow over Brodick bay

& then only so you can have a lovely rainbow over the bay.

You get to see lots of rocks (of course) but…

There’s also plenty of wildlife, try to see the Scotland’s Big 5 

& if you’re lucky you witness some plucky demonstrators & students throw themselves in the balmy shallows of the Blackwaterfoot lagoon 

And it all ends with an eclipse.

A big thank you to every one who made this possible, it was truly outstanding. All the pictures can be found here 

Journals news

There’s a lot going on with journals right now, but these two stories caught my eye.

Nature offers a ‘fast track’ peer review service for $750 & Editor resigns over it

Professor Mark Maslin has resigned as an editor of Scientific Reports, one of Nature Publishing Group’s (NPG’s) open-access journals. This is in protest over NPG’s recent decision to allow authors to pay money to expedite peer review of their submitted papers. More from the UCL piece and from Science, you can also follow @ProfMarkMaslin on Twitter

This from the Washington Post “Major publisher retracts 43 scientific papers amid wider fake peer-review scandal”

This statement from Cope (Committee on publication ethics) on the matter

Useful mapping tool?

The OS has released a mapping tool that gives a detailed picture of local information in almost every corner of Great Britain has been released by Ordnance Survey (OS).

William Smith map found

Continuing to ramp up the excitement about the bicentennial of the William Smith map the Geological Society have announced they’ve found a misplaced copy of their own.

Video fun

Here’s a lovely montage of snaps taken at thel Sedgwick Club Conference


I’d like to thank Mumdood Passa for his inspiration on this issue of the Library News!


Branson, Oscar and Kaczmarek, Karina and Redfern, Simon A. T. and Misra, Sambuddha and Langer, Gerald and Tyliszczak, Tolek and Bijma, Jelle and Elderfield, Henry (2015) The coordination and distribution of B in foraminiferal calcite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 416. pp. 67-72. ISSN 0012-821X DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.02.006

Chapman, Hazel and Bickle, Mike and Thaw, San Hla and Thiam, Hrin Nei (2015) Chemical fluxes from time series sampling of the Irrawaddy and Salween Rivers, Myanmar. Chemical Geology, 401. pp. 15-27. ISSN 0009-2541 DOI 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.02.012

Einsle, J. F. and Gatel, C and Masseboeuf, A and Cours, R and Bashir, MA and Gubbins, M and Bowman, RM and Snoeck, E (2014) In situ electron holography of the dynamic magnetic field emanating from a hard-disk drive writer. Nano Resear. ISSN 1998-0124 e:1998-0000 DOI10.1007/s12274-014-0610-

Hoffmann, R. and Kirchlechner, C. and Langer, G. and Wochnik, A. S. and Griesshaber, E. and Schmahl, W. W. and Scheu, C. (2015) Insight into Emiliania huxleyi coccospheres by focused ion beam sectioning. Biogeosciences, 12 (3). pp. 825-834. ISSN 1726-4170, ESSN: 1726-4189 DOI10.5194/bg-12-825-2015

Lascu, Ioan and Wohlfarth, Barbara and Onac, Bogdan P. and Björck, Svante and Kromer, Bernd (2015) A Late Glacial paleolake record from an up-dammed river valley in northern Transylvania, Romania. Quaternary International. ISSN 1040-6182 DOI 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.11.041 (In Press)

Miller, W. G. R. and Holland, T. J. B. and Gibson, S. A. (2015) Garnet and spinel oxybarometers: new internally-consistent multi-equilibria models with applications to the oxidation state of the lithospheric mantle. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. ISSN 0010-7999 (Print) 1432-0967 (Online) (Submitted)

Moore Jr., T. C. and Kamikuri, Shin-ichi and Erhardt, Andrea M. and Baldauf, Jack and Coxall, Helen K. and Westerhold, Thomas (2015)Radiolarian stratigraphy near the Eocene-Oligocene boundary. Marine Micropaleontology, 116. pp. 50-62. ISSN 0377-8398 DOI10.1016/j.marmicro.2015.02.002

Schiemer, J. and Spalek, L. J. and Saxena, S. S. and Panagopoulos, C. and Katsufuji, T. and Carpenter, M. A. (2015) Magnetoelastic relaxations in EuTiO3. EPL (Europhysics Letters), 109 (5). p. 57004. ISSN 0295-5075 DOI 10.1209/0295-5075/109/57004

Smith, E. C. and Smith, A. M. and White, R. S. and Brisbourne, A. M. and Pritchard, H. D. (2015) Mapping the Ice-Bed Interface Characteristics of Rutford Ice Stream, West Antarctica, Using Microseismicity. Journal of Geophysical Research. ISSN 0148-0227 (Submitted)

Zhao, Pu and Bennett, Thomas D. and Casati, Nicola P. M. and Lampronti, Giulio I. and Moggach, Stephen A. and Redfern, Simon A. T. (2015)Pressure-induced oversaturation and phase transition in zeolitic imidazolate frameworks with remarkable mechanical stability. Dalton Transactions, 44 (10). pp. 4498-4503. ISSN 1477-9226 1477-9234 DOI 10.1039/C4DT02680B


Gibling, M. R. and Davies, N. S. and Falcon-Lang, H. J. and Bashforth, A. R. and DiMichele, W. A. and Rygel, M. C. and Ielpi, A. (2014) Palaeozoic co-evolution of rivers and vegetation: a synthesis of current knowledge. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 125 (5-6). pp. 524-533. DOI10.1016/j.pgeola.2013.12.003

Peck, Lloyd S. and Clark, Melody S. and Power, Deborah and Rei, João and Batista, Frederico M. and Harper, Elizabeth M. (2015) Acidification effects on biofouling communities: winners and losers. Global Change Biology. ISSN 1354-1013 DOI 10.1111/gcb.12841 (In Press)

Wilson, J. W. P. and Roberts, G. G. and Hoggard, M. J. and White, N. J. (2014) Cenozoic Epeirogeny of Arabian Peninsula from Drainage Modeling. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 15 (10). pp. 3723-3761. ISSN 1525-2027 DOI 10.1002/2014GC005283

Current Earth Sciences Library News, No. 531 – the Moments of wonder edition

In case you missed it News

James Jackson was awarded the Woolaston medal by the Geological Society for 2015. In case you don’t know what that is here’s a little more about it and a list of prior recipients

Talking of the Geological Society

They are having a big book sale on if you fancy

Bullard News

Until further notice I will be going to the Bullard first on Monday mornings & so the library office will be shut.

Don’t be fooled by the closing gender gap in science PhDs News

What’s really happened is that fewer men – not more women– are studying for PhDs, new US research reveals read more here

Controversial News

Oklahoma had 3 times as many earthquakes as California in 2014, is fracking responsible?

World Map & language fun

“Type in any word in any language” and MAP IT Warning – recreates the experience of a badly dubbed film.

Video fun

Thanks to a Tweet from Richard Harrison for this – a MUST WATCH

Publications – due to some technical problems with eprints this is a reduced list

Brown, Caleb Marshall and VanBuren, Collin S. and Larson, Derek W. and Brink, Kirstin S. and Campione, Nicolás E. and Vavrek, Matthew J. and Evans, David C. (2015) Tooth counts through growth in diapsid reptiles: implications for interpreting individual and size-related variation in the fossil record. Journal of Anatomy.

Lopez-Mir, Berta(CASP) and Muñoz, Josep Anton and García Senz, Jesus (2015) Extensional salt tectonics in the partially inverted Cotiella post-rift basin (south-central Pyrenees): structure and evolution. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 104 (2). pp. 419-434. ISSN 1437-3254 (Print) 1437-3262 (Online)

Lopez-Mir, Berta(CASP) and Anton Muñoz, Josep and García Senz, Jesús (2014) Restoration of basins driven by extension and salt tectonics: Example from the Cotiella Basin in the central Pyrenees. Journal of Structural Geology, 69. pp. 147-162. ISSN 01918141

Liu, Alexander G. and Mcilroy, Duncan and Matthews, Jack J. and Brasier, Martin D. (2014) Confirming the Metazoan Character of a 565 Ma Trace-Fossil Assemblage from Mistaken Point, Newfoundland. Palaios, 29 (8). pp. 420-430. ISSN 0833-1351

Perrier, Vincent and Bogolepova, Olga K. (CASP) and Gubanov, Alexander P. and Siveter, David J. and Williams, Mark (2015) A pelagic myodocopid ostracod from the Silurian of Arctic Russia. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 34 (1). pp. 51-57.

Winpenny, B. and Maclennan, J. (2014) Short Length Scale Oxygen Isotope Heterogeneity in the Icelandic Mantle: Evidence from Plagioclase Compositional Zones. Journal of Petrology, 55 (12). pp. 2537-2566. ISSN Print ISSN 0022-3530 – Online ISSN 1460-2415